European Union,, Albania, Economy, Democracy, Corruption.


The ranking of Albania as the last country in the region for the business climate is an indicator of the great shortcomings that the state has shown towards business. The rule of law ensures stability and security for the economy. Corruption, as the biggest enemy of economic development and human rights as the indicators of achieving the standards for the EU integration process. This paper presents an analysis on the political criteria and challenges as key issues on the European integration process of Albania. It presents analysis on the Albanian democracy by official, governmental and widely recognized international institutions, through the ranking, recommendations and reports. The approach method is expository as well as analytical. It deals with the issues that are directly connected to the EU integration process, such as corruption level, asylum, money laundering, trafficking, justice and business climate.


Cato Institute, Human Freedom Index, 2022,

Council of Europe, The Committee of Experts on the Evaluation of Anti-Money Laundering Measures and the Financing of Terrorism – MONEYVAL, 2022

EU Commission, Directorate-General for Neighborhood and Enlargement Negotiations, 2022,

EU Summit, Tirana, December 6, 2022

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) 2021

European Council, Brussels, June 23, 2022

European Union, Official Website, History.

Eurostat, Main Recipients of an EU Member State Citizenship, Brussels, 2021

Federico Calfiero De Raho, Chief Prosecutor of Italy, head of the Italian Anti-mafia, Interview, 2022,

Fraser Institute, Report on Economic Freedom in the World, 2022,

Giuseppe Cuçhiara, Gen. Director of the General Directorate of Anti-Drug Services in Italy. Interview Ora News TV, Interview, 25 February, 2020

Institute of Political Studies, Report, Tirana, 2019

OSCE, ODHIR Statement of Preliminary Findings and Conclusions, 2019., 2019,

Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index, 2022.

Ursula von der Leyen, EU President, speech, Tirana, 2022,

US State Department Report, Washington, 2022.

World Bank, Doing Business Report, 2022.

World Bank, World Governance Index, 2022.

World Justice and Rule of Law Project Index, 2022.



2020-08-01 — Updated on 2020-08-01

How to Cite

Kurti, B., & Iseni, A. (2020). SETBACKS OF ALBANIA’S EU INTEGRATION PROCESS. Angloamericanae Journal (AAJ), 5(1), 10–21. Retrieved from