UNITED STATES FOREIGN INTERVENTIONS IN ITALY AND KOREA

Authors

Keywords:

United States, Foreign Policy, US President, CIA, Italy, Korea, Cold War.

Abstract

The Communist victory in the Italian elections of April 1948, prompted fear to the American administration and U.S. foreign policy makers. The first numbered document issued by the National Security Council, NSC 1/1 of November 14th, 1947 warned that “The Italian Government, ideologically inclined toward Western democracy, is weak and is being subjected to continuous attack by a strong Communist Party.” The NSC recommended, in addition to public support for the beleaguered Italian government, a programme to “actively combat Communist propaganda in Italy by an effective U.S. information programme and by all other practicable means, including the use of undeclared funds.” President Truman approved NSC 1/1 on November 24th. On December 14th, the President signed NSC 4/A giving responsibility for “psychological warfare” to the CIA. A week later, the agency set up the Special Procedures Group (SPG), which laundered over $10 million from captured Axis funds for use in the Italian election campaign. This paper examines the United States foreign interventions in Italy and Korea dictated by the fear of the spread of Communism in Italy and Korea during the cold war.

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Published

2023-12-24

How to Cite

Bledar Kurti, & Arburim Iseni. (2023). UNITED STATES FOREIGN INTERVENTIONS IN ITALY AND KOREA. Angloamericanae Journal (AAJ), 9(1), 9–15. Retrieved from https://aaj.ielas.org/index.php/Angloamericanae/article/view/32